A new research, which tested the world in the last 10 billion years to understand its thermal history, has been brought to light. The research, published in Astrophysical Journal, depended on and confirmed work by Jim Peebles, who won the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the large-scale structure of the universe. The heating is a result of that structure and how it changes over time, as a result of the galaxies and galaxy clusters move around.
The lead author of the study, Yi-Kuan Chiang, established that the average temperature of gas across the whole cosmos has increased more than 10 times in that period, and today stands at around two million degrees Celsius.
“As the universe evolves, gravity pulls dark matter and gas in space together into galaxies and clusters of galaxies. The drag is violent – so violent that more and more gas is shocked and heated up.” Chiang said.
“To check the temperature of the universe, Chiang and his team estimated what it would be further from Earth, which when observed is effectively looking back in time, and compare it to approximations of the heat that is observed more near to us, both physically and in time. Those measurements were gathered by using different properties of light. They could evaluate the distance using “redshift”, an effect that happens as light becomes more red as it is lengthened on its journey through the universe; and they could evaluate the temperature from that same light. The difference between the two allowed them to understand the change over time. And it showed that it was indeed getting hotter, and that it would likely continue over time,” reported The Independent.