In the wake of what has been going on in Nigeria—sars, et al—it would be of benefit to know some things regarding the law. Not that it would help in every instance. There are countless laws in Nigeria and unless you work in law it might be hard to fully grasp all of them. Understanding your basic right and duties as a citizen might help you get out of trouble, make better decisions, and defend yourself.
Here are some laws you should learn about.
THE CRIMINAL CODE: These laws contain in it some of the repercussions awaiting anyone who partakes in criminal activities. Written in it is a detailed explanation of what constitutes a crime, and the appropriate punishments for said crime. Some of the crimes listed in the criminal code includes murder, rape, armed robbery, fraud, and witchcraft.
Not all crimes are listed under the criminal code. Some crimes like money laundering is under the Money Laundering Act.
The criminal code, due to Sharia Laws, are conflicted in the northern states.
THE CONSTITUTION: The constitution of any country is the base law for other laws to exist. This makes it the most important laws in the country. If you need to learn any law in this list, the constitution needs to be thoroughly learne. The constitution has in it all the human rights of a nation. And knowing them would help you know when the treatment you’re getting is unconstitutional.
THE ELECTORAL ACT: This law is crucial; it dictates how elections should go in the country. This law is tricky because it does not include eligibility, which is found in the constitution. It includes the electoral process in Nigeria, voters’ registration, procedure, the establishment, staffing, and management of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), INEC is the organization that conducts the elections in Nigeria.
THE LABOUR ACT: Many people do not look into this law even when it concerns them. The Labour Act is a direct legislation in Nigeria which handles all relationship between an employer and its employees. This act deals with how an employee should be treated and how an employee should treat an employer. The Labour Act provides answers to written contracts, payment of wages/salary, forced labour, and maternity leave.
The LAND USE ACT: The Land Use Act like the name states contains all laws regarding the ownership of land. Land is a delicate issue in Nigeria, and as such has delicate laws. This law is almost as important as the constitution. And before any change can be made in it, it has to go through constitutional procedures. A vivid Land Use Act to note is that all lands are owned by the government. As such, the government has the right to repossess any land. And there can be no selling and reselling without government consent.